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Regina Krel

, and Paul G. Mathew

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date: 26 January 2022

Migraine is a common disorder that affects women of menstruating age, and it is frequently the chief complaint of women presenting in the neurology clinic. The prevalence of menstrually related migraine can range from 20–60%, while pure menstrual migraine occurs in less than 10% of women. In addition to utilizing non–gender-specific abortive and preventative strategies, understanding migraine and its relationship to hormones, particularly estrogen, can have clinical implications for optimal treatment. This chapter seeks to provide insight into diagnosing menstrually related migraine, the role of decreased estrogen just prior to menstrual cycle onset and migraine, as well as the therapeutic options that are available to treat and possibly prevent menstrual migraine attacks.

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