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Bariatric Surgery and Perioperative Infections 

Bariatric Surgery and Perioperative Infections
Chapter:
Bariatric Surgery and Perioperative Infections
Author(s):

Mohammad Alsulaimy

, and Seyed Mohammad Kalantar Motamedi

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190608347.003.0011
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date: 27 July 2021

Morbid obesity is associated with an increased risk of infectious complications including surgical site, urinary tract, and pulmonary infections. Surgical site infections (SSI) are the most common, followed by urinary and respiratory infections. Various risk factors in obese patients including impaired immunity, and altered pulmonary and circulatory systems contribute to the increased susceptibility of morbid obese patients to infectious complications. Perioperative infections are defined to occur within 30 days of the initial operative procedure. Surgical site and urinary tract infections usually occur within 7–10 days post-operatively. Therefore, it is recommended that patients should be followed up between 7 to 10 days post-op to examine surgical sites, and to screen for possible urinary tract symptoms. This chapter will discuss the diagnosis, treatment, and possible preventative measures of the aforementioned infectious complications in the bariatric surgery population.

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