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Chagas Disease (Trypanosoma cruzi) 

Chagas Disease (Trypanosoma cruzi)
Chapter:
Chagas Disease (Trypanosoma cruzi)
Author(s):

Jaime Altcheh

, Guillermo Moscatelli

, and Facundo Garcia Bournissen

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190604813.003.0016
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date: 18 October 2019

Chagas disease (CD), or American trypanosomiasis, is caused by the hemoflagellate parasite Trypanosoma cruzi and has evolved from a regional, Latin American disease to one that is becoming widespread in other parts of the world. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of Chagas disease has become the primary means of transmission of T. cruzi worldwide. Congenital Chagas disease can be prevented by treating women of reproductive age. It is important to develop strategies for the systematic screening of pregnant women for CD, as well as all children born to infected mothers, and also to treat every infected child as early as possible.

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