Show Summary Details
Page of

Cytomegalovirus 

Cytomegalovirus
Chapter:
Cytomegalovirus
Author(s):

Mark R. Schleiss

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190604813.003.0001
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 16 September 2019

Congenital infection with human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common infectious cause of developmental disability in newborns. Congenital CMV is also a leading cause of hearing loss in infants. The overall birth prevalence of congenital CMV is 0.5–1%, varying among different populations. CMV infection may be symptomatic at birth or, more commonly, asymptomatic. Both groups are at risk for sequelae. Antiviral therapy with ganciclovir (or valganciclovir) in infants with symptomatic congenital CMV infection can result in improved neurodevelopmental and hearing outcomes. CMV infections in very low birthweight premature infants, typically acquired via breast milk, can also produce substantial short-term and possibility long-term morbidity. This chapter reviews current concepts regarding the biology of CMV as well as the epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, management, and outcome of congenital and perinatal CMV infections. High-priority areas for future research, including in the arena of newborn screening for congenital CMV, are discussed.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.