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Matthew J. Thurtell

, and Robert L. Tomsak

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date: 06 August 2021

Neuroretinitis is an inflammatory condition that results in acute painless monocular vision loss. It is characterized by unilateral optic disc edema with fluid extending from the peripapillary region into the macula. As the fluid resorbs, retinal exudates develop in a stellate configuration to produce a characteristic macular star. In this chapter, we begin by reviewing the clinical features of neuroretinitis. We next discuss potential causes of neuroretinitis, which includes infections (e.g., cat-scratch disease) and inflammatory disorders (e.g., sarcoidosis). We then discuss the laboratory workup of neuroretinitis. Lastly, we review the management options for neuroretinitis and factors influencing the prognosis for visual recovery.

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