Show Summary Details
Page of

Dorsal Midbrain Syndrome 

Dorsal Midbrain Syndrome
Dorsal Midbrain Syndrome

Matthew J. Thurtell

, and Robert L. Tomsak

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 February 2021

Lesions of the dorsal midbrain produce a characteristic and highly localizing constellation of neuro-ophthalmic signs, which is known as the dorsal midbrain syndrome. In this chapter, we begin by summarizing the clinical features of the dorsal midbrain syndrome, which include supranuclear vertical gaze palsy, skew deviation, convergence insufficiency, convergence-retraction nystagmus, upper-eyelid retraction, and light-near dissociation of the pupils. We then list common causes of the dorsal midbrain syndrome, which include hydrocephalus, shunt malfunction, stroke, intrinsic brainstem tumors, and compression by extrinsic tumors, such as pineal and third ventricular tumors. Lastly, we discuss the neuro-ophthalmic features, diagnostic evaluation, and management of ventriculoperitoneal shunt malfunction.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.