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Compressive Optic Neuropathy 

Compressive Optic Neuropathy
Chapter:
Compressive Optic Neuropathy
Author(s):

Matthew J. Thurtell

, and Robert L. Tomsak

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190603953.003.0004
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date: 04 June 2020

Optic nerve compression results in progressive, and often painless, vision loss. In this chapter, we begin by reviewing the clinical features of anterior and posterior compressive optic neuropathy. We next review the common causes of compressive optic neuropathy, which include orbital tumors (e.g., optic nerve sheath meningioma, optic glioma, and capillary hemangioma), orbital infection, orbital inflammation, intracranial tumors (e.g., pituitary macroadenoma, meningioma, and craniopharyngioma), aneurysm, and thyroid eye disease. We then review the workup for compressive optic neuropathy and discuss the various imaging options. Lastly, we discuss the clinical features, imaging findings, management options, and prognosis for visual recovery for patients with optic nerve sheath meningioma.

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