Show Summary Details
Page of

Syndromes of the Orbital Apex, Superior Orbital Fissure, and Cavernous Sinus 

Syndromes of the Orbital Apex, Superior Orbital Fissure, and Cavernous Sinus
Chapter:
Syndromes of the Orbital Apex, Superior Orbital Fissure, and Cavernous Sinus
Author(s):

Matthew J. Thurtell

, and Robert L. Tomsak

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190603953.003.0038
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 28 May 2020

Lesions in the orbital apex, superior orbital fissure, and cavernous sinus can give rise to characteristic combinations of cranial nerve palsies. In this chapter, we begin by reviewing the clinical features and common causes of syndromes of the orbital apex, superior orbital fissure, and cavernous sinus. We go on to discuss the pathogenesis and clinical features of rhino-orbital mucormycosis in detail, because it has a grave prognosis if it is not diagnosed and treated in a timely fashion. We then describe the roles and importance of imaging and tissue biopsy for its diagnosis. Lastly, we review the management of rhino-orbital mucormycosis, which includes rapid reversal of predisposing factors (such as diabetic ketoacidosis), immediate initiation of empiric antifungal treatment, and early surgical debridement of infected tissue.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.