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Infantile Nystagmus 

Infantile Nystagmus
Chapter:
Infantile Nystagmus
Author(s):

Matthew J. Thurtell

, and Robert L. Tomsak

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190603953.003.0030
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date: 03 June 2020

Formerly known as congenital nystagmus, infantile nystagmus can occur in isolation or in association with other ophthalmic, neurologic, and endocrine abnormalities. It is predominantly horizontal and conjugate in most patients. It can have a sinusoidal (pendular) or jerk waveform with accelerating slow phases. While it does not usually cause oscillopsia, it can cause blurred vision. In this chapter, we begin by reviewing the clinical features of infantile nystagmus. We next discuss the diagnostic approach to identify conditions that can be associated with infantile nystagmus. We then present a contemporary approach to the management of infantile nystagmus, which includes optical, medical, and surgical strategies.

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