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Optic Neuritis 

Optic Neuritis
Chapter:
Optic Neuritis
Author(s):

Matthew J. Thurtell

, and Robert L. Tomsak

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190603953.003.0001
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date: 26 May 2020

Optic neuritis is the most frequent cause of acute-onset optic neuropathy in young adults and is often encountered in clinical practice. In this chapter, we begin by reviewing the cardinal signs of optic neuropathy. We review the clinical characteristics and workup of optic neuritis. We review factors that increase the risk for developing multiple sclerosis. We discuss atypical clinical and imaging findings that should prompt further evaluation for other causes of optic neuritis, such as neuromyelitis optica. Lastly, we discuss the management options for optic neuritis, with reference to the findings from the Optic Neuritis Treatment Trial, and the prognosis for visual recovery.

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