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The Social Brain 

The Social Brain
Chapter:
The Social Brain
Author(s):

Riitta Hari

, and Aina Puce

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190497774.003.0018
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date: 08 March 2021

This chapter discusses MEG and EEG studies of social cognition and interaction. Our understanding in this field mainly derives from experiments using isolated verbal and visual social stimuli in highly controlled laboratory environments. However, normal social interaction occurs in a complex dynamic environment where behavior must be adapted and synchronized with partners. Consequently, set-ups have been developed to study brain functions during naturalistic interactions, even “hyperscanning” two brains at the same time in settings of two-person neuroscience, based on knowledge acquired in previous well-controlled laboratory studies where the participants were in a spectator role. This chapter discusses past studies of social cognition, action observation, mirroring, interaction, and emotional processing, and examines how future studies of social neuroscience might be conducted.

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