Show Summary Details
Page of

Motor Function 

Motor Function
Motor Function

Riitta Hari

, and Aina Puce

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 03 March 2021

Voluntary movements are preceded by slow brain activity, visible in EEG as the Bereitschaftspotential (the readiness potential), and in MEG as the readiness field. These slow shifts can begin a few seconds before movement onset in the primary motor cortex and in the premotor areas. Cortex–muscle coherence refers to coupling between MEG/EEG signals and the surface EMG of a steadily contracted muscle; it typically occurs at around 20 Hz and implies an efferent drive from the cortex to the muscle. Corticokinematic coherence can be measured as the coupling between MEG/EEG signals and the acceleration or velocity of a rhythmically moving limb; it typically occurs are the movement frequency and its first harmonic. Coherence of MEG/EEG signals can be computed also with respect to other peripheral signals, such as the fundamental frequency of the voice measured with an accerometer above the subject’s throat.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.