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Riitta Hari

, and Aina Puce

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date: 06 March 2021

Neuronal communication in the brain is associated with minute electrical currents that give rise to both electrical potentials on the scalp (measurable by means of electroencephalography [EEG]) and magnetic fields outside the head (measurable by magnetoencephalography [MEG]). Both MEG and EEG are noninvasive neurophysiological methods used to study brain dynamics, that is temporal changes in the activation patterns, and sequences in signal progression. Differences between MEG and EEG mainly reflect differences in the spread of electric and magnetic fields generated by the same electric currents in the human brain. This chapter provides an overall description of the main principles of MEG and EEG and provides background for the following chapters in this and subsequent sections.

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