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Telemedicine, Teleanesthesia, and Telesurgery 

Telemedicine, Teleanesthesia, and Telesurgery
Telemedicine, Teleanesthesia, and Telesurgery

W. Bosseau Murray

, Sorin Vaduva

, and Benjamin W. Berg

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date: 27 January 2021

Telemedicine overcomes barriers to the delivery of health care services including, distance, cost, gaps in distribution and availability of providers. Anesthesia and surgery applications include remote robotic anesthesia and surgery, preoperative assessment at a distance, physiologic monitoring, remote mentoring, and comprehensive critical care services. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and other legislation supports expansion of telemedicine by enabling telemedicine regulation and reimbursement. Tele-Anesthesia applications are expanding and future economically viable telehealth programs will address a variety of anesthesia specific challenges and domains including pain management, postoperative assessment, just in time training for new clinical applications and anesthesia procedures. Telemedicine techniques include synchronous and asynchronous interactions, virtual presence, mobile-health, and haptics enabled robotics, which are used alone or in combination. Focus areas for development of efficient and effective new Tele-Anesthesia programs include chronic care, remote emergency care, and disaster support. Provider acceptance in tele-anesthesia requires education and training to achieve the full advantages of telemedicine.

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