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Anesthesia in the Radiation Oncology Suite 

Anesthesia in the Radiation Oncology Suite
Anesthesia in the Radiation Oncology Suite

Eric A. Harris

and Keith Candiotti

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date: 27 January 2021

Cancer continues to be a leading cause of mortality worldwide and ranks second among the pediatric population. Radiation therapy (XRT) is a potent tool used by oncologists to manage this disease. Although treatment is typically painless, the need for immobilization has resulted in anesthesiologists frequently being consulted to provide service to these patients during their treatment. In addition to the challenges of providing anesthesia in a non–operating room environment, the provider must tailor an appropriate anesthetic for the simulation or XRT treatment sessions. Complications are rare but may be exacerbated by the distance between the patient and the anesthesia provider. Finally, the anesthesiologist must be prepared to discuss issues related to multiple anesthetic exposures with the patient and caregivers.

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