Show Summary Details
Page of

Laboratory Testing Strategies: Detection and Diagnosis 

Laboratory Testing Strategies: Detection and Diagnosis
Chapter:
Laboratory Testing Strategies: Detection and Diagnosis
Author(s):

Thomas P. Young

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190493097.003.0008
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 08 December 2019

Laboratory confirmation of HIV infection is primarily through the detection of HIV antibodies in an individual. Using the current immunoassays and confirmatory testing, false-positive results are exceedingly rare. However, providers should use clinical judgment when interpreting test results and consider additional follow-up testing when appropriate. False-negative immunoassays are also exceedingly rare except for individuals who are early in their infection and have yet to produce HIV antibodies that are detectable by current assays. Rapid HIV tests have similar testing accuracies as compared to those of currently available immunoassays and can be useful testing options for settings such as health fairs, nonclinical locations, and other situations in which quickly receiving preliminary test results would be beneficial.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.