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HIV Testing and Counseling 

HIV Testing and Counseling
Chapter:
HIV Testing and Counseling
Author(s):

Alejandro Delgado

and William P. Mazur

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190493097.003.0007
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date: 31 October 2020

It is estimated that approximately 14% of people living with HIV are unaware of their diagnosis. Thus, HIV testing should be offered as part of routine medical care to all patients. In 2013, the US Preventive Services Task Force formally recommended that clinicians screen all patients between the ages of 15 and 65 years. Testing in younger and older patients should be offered when special circumstances deem this appropriate. All persons screened for HIV should be counseled regarding risk-reduction strategies regardless of test result. All pregnant women should be screened for HIV at the earliest instance possible. HIV screening should be voluntary and undertaken only with the patient’s knowledge and understanding.

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