Show Summary Details
Page of



Rajagopal V. Sekhar

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 September 2020

Patients infected with HIV often develop dyslipidemia. Although lipid abnormalities have been described in HIV-infected patients from the pre-combination antiretroviral therapy era, they are most striking in patients treated with antiretroviral drugs and may even be present in those not exposed to these drugs. The dyslipidemic profile in HIV includes abnormalities in lipids and lipoprotein, including hypertriglyceridemia, elevated plasma total low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations, and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Many patients also have the phenotypic appearance of lipodystrophy, with a variable combination of centripetal fat accumulation. The consequence of an abnormal dyslipidemic profile in the HIV lipodystrophic patient is an accelerated risk of developing myocardial infarction, cardiovascular disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and type 2 diabetes.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.