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HIV/Hepatitis Co-infection 

HIV/Hepatitis Co-infection
Chapter:
HIV/Hepatitis Co-infection
Author(s):

Ben J. Barnett

and Margaret Hoffman-Terry

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190493097.003.0039
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date: 29 October 2020

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is common in people living with HIV, and all patients with HIV should be screened for HBV infection. The most common route of transmission worldwide is through perinatal or early childhood exposure, but adult transmission of HBV is often by routes similar to those for HIV, including sexual contact and injection drug use. Although it varies by exposure route, approximately 10% of HIV-positive patients also have chronic HBV infection, and up to 90% have serologic evidence of past exposure to HBV. Long-term complications of HBV infection can include cirrhosis, end-stage liver disease, and hepatocellular carcinoma.

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