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Endocrine Disorders 

Endocrine Disorders
Chapter:
Endocrine Disorders
Author(s):

Rajagopal V. Sekhar

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190493097.003.0035
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date: 27 October 2020

HIV infection is now a chronic disease, and it is associated with an increasing prevalence of metabolic and endocrine abnormalities. The underlying etiology of these disorders can be attributed to multiple factors, including, but not limited to, the effects of HIV itself, antiretroviral drugs, the effects of immune dysfunction, and other opportunistic infections. Any endocrine glandular system can be involved; hence, appropriate clinical suspicion, endocrinological dynamic testing for accurate diagnosis, and effective therapy are important in the identification and management of these disorders. HIV infection, antiretroviral drugs, and other factors play a role in the development of endocrine disease. For endocrine disorders in HIV, early referral to an endocrinologist is suggested.

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