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Classes of Antiretrovirals 

Classes of Antiretrovirals
Chapter:
Classes of Antiretrovirals
Author(s):

Benjamin Young

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190493097.003.0019
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date: 08 December 2019

Results of the randomized, international INSIGHT START clinical trial provide definitive proof of the benefit of antiretroviral therapy initiation in asymptomatic individuals with CD4+ counts greater than 500 cells/mm3. There are six different classes of antiretroviral agents: two types of reverse transcriptase inhibitors, two types of entry inhibitors, one class of inhibitors of HIV protease, and one class of inhibitors of HIV integrase. Combination antiretroviral therapy is recommended for all people living with HIV. The primary goal of combination antiretroviral therapy is to achieve viral suppression. Each antiretroviral class targets a unique step in the replication cycle of HIV-1.

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