Show Summary Details
Page of

A 63-Year-Old Male with Severe Flaccid Weakness Post Motor Vehicle Accident 

A 63-Year-Old Male with Severe Flaccid Weakness Post Motor Vehicle Accident
A 63-Year-Old Male with Severe Flaccid Weakness Post Motor Vehicle Accident

Jeffrey A. Cohen

, Justin J. Mowchun

, Victoria H. Lawson

, and Nathaniel M. Robbins

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 23 June 2021

Neuromuscular disorders are important causes of newly acquired weakness in the intensive care unit. Although evaluation usually begins with physical examination findings, these can be compromised in the intensive care unit environment. Therefore, electrodiagnostic study becomes even more important as a tool in localizing weakness to nerve, muscle or neuromuscular junction. Critical illness neuropathy and myopathy occurs in the setting of sepsis and multiple organ failure where sepsis is accompanied by the systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Additional, intensive care unit-specific risk factors exist, predominantly relating to administration of high-dose steroids, nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents, and sedating agents such as propofol. There is no specific treatment except for optimizing medical management of the underlying disorder, including prevention and management of sepsis, systemic inflammatory response syndrome, and organ damage, as well as avoidance of exacerbating medications.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.