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A 48-Year-Old with Progressive Weakness and Pain 

A 48-Year-Old with Progressive Weakness and Pain
Chapter:
A 48-Year-Old with Progressive Weakness and Pain
Author(s):

Jeffrey A. Cohen

, Justin J. Mowchun

, Victoria H. Lawson

, and Nathaniel M. Robbins

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190491901.003.0005
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date: 17 June 2021

Guillain-Barré syndrome may present in several ways, although predominant proximal weakness is a common feature of the disease to recognize. The differential diagnosis may be extensive and can include infection, vasculitis, toxin exposure, and malignancy. A lumbar puncture must be done with minimal delay to evaluate for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) albuminocytological dissociation, however results may be normal early in the course of the disease. EMG/NCS are helpful to support the diagnosis, and early treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is essential. This chapter discusses the clinical features and diagnostic considerations of this important condition.

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