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A 40-Year-Old Female with Balance Problems and Numbness After Bariatric Surgery 

A 40-Year-Old Female with Balance Problems and Numbness After Bariatric Surgery
Chapter:
A 40-Year-Old Female with Balance Problems and Numbness After Bariatric Surgery
Author(s):

Jeffrey A. Cohen

, Justin J. Mowchun

, Victoria H. Lawson

, and Nathaniel M. Robbins

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190491901.003.0011
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date: 17 June 2021

A number of nutritional causes of peripheral neuropathy have been identified. Patients who have gastrointestinal disease or who have undergone bariatric surgery are at risk, although frequently the specific cause is not ascertained. Vitamin B12 and thiamine deficiencies are the most common causes in bariatric surgery patients. The classic clinical picture of Vitamin B12 deficiency is a myelopathy with a concomitant peripheral neuropathy. Thiamine deficiency is the classic triad of mental status changes, opthalmoplegia, and ataxia. Copper deficiency is often unrecognized. Its presentation can be similar to Vitamin B12 deficiency. It is important that bariatric surgery patients receive continual follow up of their nutritional status and adherence to vitamin supplementation. Alcohol may cause a peripheral neuropathy through nutritional deficiency or perhaps direct toxic effects. Other deficiency states are discussed.

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