Show Summary Details
Page of

Pesticides and Neurodegenerative Disorders 

Pesticides and Neurodegenerative Disorders
Pesticides and Neurodegenerative Disorders

John W. McBurney

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 04 April 2020

Neurodegenerative diseases, which are characterized by neuronal degeneration, include Alzheimer disease (AD), Parkinson disease (PD), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Their worldwide prevalence is increasing as the global population ages. The causes reflect interactions between genetics and environmental factors such as increasing urbanization, industrialization, and widespread use of chemicals, including insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides. Epidemiologic data suggest that exposure to many of these pesticides increases the risk of neurodegeneration. The best-defined mechanism for this association is mitochondrial toxicity resulting in increased reactive oxygen species. In PD and AD, the associated accumulation of aggregates of insoluble, misfolded proteins results in the formation of Lewy bodies and neurofibrillary tangles, respectively. Pesticide exposures can be reduced by modifying food choices and applying integrated pest management in schools, businesses, and homes. Medical professionals can counsel patients about limiting exposure to pesticides and decreasing the risk of neurodegenerative disorders.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.