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Anca Dinescu

and Mikhail Kogan

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date: 31 July 2021

Falls in the elderly are very common, and their frequency increases with aging. At a personal level, falls are associated with a subsequent fear of falling, a decline in function, increased nursing home placement, and increased use of medical services, and complications resulting from falls represent the leading cause of death from injury in geriatric population. At the more global level, falls in the elderly are associated with increased use of medical services and increased cost directly to the patient and also indirectly, if we add the number of hours of work lost by caregivers who will assume care of that elderly person after the fall. This chapter covers the definition and relevance of falls in the elderly population; etiology and risk factors for falls; evaluation and management; and assessment for and correction of risk factors. Integrative management approaches discussed in this chapter are movement and exercise, nutrition and supplements, and hormone replacement.

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