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Integrative Oncology 

Integrative Oncology
Chapter:
Integrative Oncology
Author(s):

Amy Littlefield

, Deirdre Orceyre

, and Stephanie Cheng

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190466268.003.0021
Page of

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date: 15 October 2019

Cancer risk increases with age, but a patient’s tolerance to conventional treatments may be reduced with aging and associated morbidities. The development and expansion of age-appropriate therapies and approaches will be crucial as the population of elderly patients with cancer grows in the upcoming years. Taking into account the unique needs of this population will be of great importance. This chapter introduces the field of integrative oncology, the practice of supporting the whole person before, during, and after conventional treatments for cancer. Current evidence recognizes the safe use of many integrative interventions, such as lifestyle and diet changes and supplement and botanical use, to prevent cancer; to reduce side effects and optimize wellness during treatments such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation; and to promote full recovery after treatment. Many of these same interventions act directly to optimally regulate pathways in the unique metabolism of the malignant cell process.

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