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Integrated Approaches to Treating Lung Diseases in the Geriatric Population 

Integrated Approaches to Treating Lung Diseases in the Geriatric Population
Chapter:
Integrated Approaches to Treating Lung Diseases in the Geriatric Population
Author(s):

Seema Rao

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190466268.003.0018
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date: 21 October 2019

Structural and functional changes in the aging lung and body predispose the older patient to pulmonary diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and chronic dyspnea. Pulmonary diseases of the aging population have a negative impact on morbidity and mortality and quality of life and increase the burden on health care costs. Pharmacological treatment remains the standard of care, but polypharmacy in the older patients can be an issue and has been associated with negative consequences. Integrative or nonpharmacological approaches can be used in conjunction with conventional therapy and can decrease dependence on pharmacological drugs. Integrative approaches include nutrition, breathing exercises, yoga, acupuncture, use of botanicals and supplements, tai chi, and mind–body therapy. This chapter examines the evidence for integrative or nonpharmacological approaches and provides recommendations for their use in pulmonary diseases of older adults.

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