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Endocrine Disorders: Integrative Treatments of Hypothyroidism, Diabetes, and Adrenal Dysfunction 

Endocrine Disorders: Integrative Treatments of Hypothyroidism, Diabetes, and Adrenal Dysfunction
Chapter:
Endocrine Disorders: Integrative Treatments of Hypothyroidism, Diabetes, and Adrenal Dysfunction
Author(s):

James Yang

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190466268.003.0014
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date: 14 October 2019

Thyroid function, glucose metabolism, and an adaptive hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis are critical determinants of health and wellness. This chapter highlights the integrative physiology and interactions between these three systems and an integrative medicine approach to these conditions. Integrative medicine expands the evaluation of endocrine dysfunction through a person-centered approach. Patients’ overall symptoms and physiological function should be taken into account in evaluating thyroid function and planning treatment. Our approach to diabetes focuses on the importance of lifestyle changes and nutrition. Our perspective of the effects of chronic stress has been informed by current perspectives on neurobiology and neuroplasticity; chronic stress leaves its mark on the brain through changes in structure as well as its function in adapting to further stress. We present an integrative approach to manage and improve these three endocrine systems to address disease and improve patients’ energy and health.

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