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Marc Brodsky

and Ann E. Hansen

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date: 06 May 2021

Persistent pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience that continues for a prolonged period of time and that may or may not be associated with a recognizable disease process. Older people may suffer from conditions such as knee osteoarthritis, low back pain, neck pain and headache, neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia, and cancer-related pain. Pain may impact physical function, psychological function, and other aspects of quality of life. A thorough history and physical examination may optimally assess a person with a persistent pain complaint in the context of a multifactorial pathway from accumulated impairments in multiple systems. Older people may perceive that integrative medicine treatments based on lifestyle and lower-risk therapies may help them get relief from pain and improve quality of life. Follow-up evaluation of positive and negative effects of therapeutic modalities and medications may guide the treatment plan.

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