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Rheumatoid Arthritis and Spondyloarthropathies 

Rheumatoid Arthritis and Spondyloarthropathies
Rheumatoid Arthritis and Spondyloarthropathies

Clement J. Michet

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date: 27 September 2020

Osteoarthritis is the failure of articular cartilage and subsequent degenerative changes in subchondral bone, bony joint margins, synovium, and para-articular fibrous and muscular structures. Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease; 80% of patients have some limitation of their activities, and 25% are unable to perform major activities of daily living. Hyperuricemia occurs in 2% to 18% of normal populations. It is associated with hypertension, renal insufficiency, obesity, and arteriosclerotic heart disease. Clinical gouty arthritis ranges in prevalence from 0.1% to 0.4%; it is the most common form of inflammatory arthritis in men. Septic arthritis is a medical emergency; rapid recognition and treatment can reduce joint morbidity and patient mortality. A high index of suspicion is required when a patient presents with acute monarticular arthritis and fever.

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