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Cystic Fibrosis, Bronchiectasis, and Pleural Effusion 

Cystic Fibrosis, Bronchiectasis, and Pleural Effusion
Chapter:
Cystic Fibrosis, Bronchiectasis, and Pleural Effusion
Author(s):

Vivek N. Iyer

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190464868.003.0071
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date: 19 October 2019

Effective functioning of the respiratory system requires 1) normal central nervous system control, 2) intact neuromuscular transmission and bellows function, 3) patent airways, and 4) normal gas exchange at the alveolar-capillary level. Respiratory failure may be caused by dysfunction at any of these levels, resulting in failure of oxygenation (hypoxemic respiratory failure) or ventilation (hypercapnic respiratory failure).

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