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Critical Care Medicine 

Critical Care Medicine
Chapter:
Critical Care Medicine
Author(s):

Cassie C. Kennedy

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190464868.003.0070
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date: 19 October 2019

Alcohol and other substance use disorders are a major concern in all age groups and across all ethnic, socioeconomic, and racial groups. Despite high lifetime prevalence (up to 20%), less than 10% of persons with substance use disorders are involved in treatment (either self-help groups or professional care). Several pharmacologic agents are available to help diminish the craving for alcohol and other drugs or to deter relapse. Although several medications, including disulfiram, acamprosate, and naltrexone, may help prevent relapse, they are adjunctive and not a substitute for comprehensive psychosocial treatment.

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