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Genitourinary Cancer 

Genitourinary Cancer
Chapter:
Genitourinary Cancer
Author(s):

Brian A. Costello

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190464868.003.0064
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date: 19 October 2019

Colorectal cancer is diagnosed in approximately 137,000 Americans annually and causes 50,000 deaths each year. It is the third most common cause of cancer death in North America and Europe. The incidence of colorectal cancer has decreased since the early 2000s, after it peaked in the late 1990s. The decrease in colon cancer incidence and mortality is attributed to improved screening methods, consisting mainly of endoscopic surveillance. Screening colonoscopies should be initiated by age 50 years for persons with average risk.

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