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Movement Disorders 

Movement Disorders
Chapter:
Movement Disorders
Author(s):

Anhar Hassan

and Eduardo E. Benarroch

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190464868.003.0056
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date: 19 October 2019

The most common inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system is multiple sclerosis, a disabling disorder that affects predominantly young adults between 20 and 50 years old. It affects women twice as often as men. Multiple sclerosis has a complex immunopathogenesis, variable prognosis, and an unpredictable course. Polygenic and environmental (possibly viral) factors probably have a substantial effect on susceptibility to multiple sclerosis.

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