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Cerebrovascular Diseases 

Cerebrovascular Diseases
Cerebrovascular Diseases

James P. Klaas

and Robert D. Brown Jr

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date: 19 October 2019

Acute and chronic interstitial inflammation can result in injury to renal tubules, leading to tubular dysfunction and, chronically, tubular atrophy. Causes of chronic tubulointerstitial damage include autoimmune and hereditary causes, analgesic nephropathy, uric acid, lithium, heavy metals, mercury, lead, and oxalate. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is the most common hereditary renal disease. It occurs in both males and females and is characterized by multiple bilateral renal cysts and cysts in other organs (eg, liver, spleen, and pancreas).

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