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Renal Parenchymal Diseases 

Renal Parenchymal Diseases
Chapter:
Renal Parenchymal Diseases
Author(s):

Suzanne M. Norby

and Fernando C. Fervenza

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190464868.003.0052
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date: 19 October 2019

Volume expansion can be general (as in patients with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis, or nephrotic syndrome) or regional (as in patients with regional capillary leak, venous insufficiency, or lymphatic obstruction). Volume depletion is associated primarily with gastrointestinal tract (GI) fluid loss, excessive sweating, and renal sodium loss related to diuretic use or, rarely, renal salt wasting. The cause of a volume disorder can be determined by physical examination.

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