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Preoperative Evaluationa 

Preoperative Evaluationa
Preoperative Evaluationa

Karna K. Sundsted

and Karen F. Mauck

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date: 19 October 2019

Cancer-related pain affects up to 60% of patients receiving cancer-directed therapies and between 70% and 90% of those patients with advanced-stage cancers. However, pain is a common symptom in many patients with serious illnesses other than cancer. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart failure, end-stage renal disease requiring hemodialysis, and a variety of neurodegenerative disorders experience pain from their conditions. Pain in these conditions is often underrecognized and undertreated, which can lead to functional impairment and suboptimal quality of life.

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