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Vascular Disease 

Vascular Disease
Chapter:
Vascular Disease
Author(s):

Robert D. McBane

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190464868.003.0011
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date: 19 October 2019

Aneurysms of the ascending aorta are typically due to medial degeneration, whereas aneurysms of the descending thoracic aorta are primarily due to atherosclerosis. Men and women are equally affected, and the prevalence of thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) increases with advancing age. Overall, the incidence is approximately 1 per 10,000 individuals, and 20% of patients with TAA have at least 1 affected first-degree relative. Typical risk factors include tobacco exposure, hypertension, infection, and trauma.

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