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Valvular and Congenital Heart Diseasesa 

Valvular and Congenital Heart Diseasesa
Chapter:
Valvular and Congenital Heart Diseasesa
Author(s):

Kyle W. Klarich

, Lori A. Blauwet

, and Sabrina D. Phillips

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190464868.003.0010
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date: 19 October 2019

The pathophysiologic effect of aortic stenosis on the heart is pressure overload, leading to left ventricular hypertrophy. The vast majority of cases of aortic stenosis are due to valvular stenosis. The classic symptoms of the valvular type of aortic stenosis (regardless of type) include exertional dyspnea, syncope, angina, and sudden cardiac death. The onset of symptoms is an ominous sign and portends a very poor prognosis. Patients with symptomatic aortic stenosis need rapid surgical intervention.

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