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Coma 

Chapter:
Coma
Author(s):

Muhammad A. Rishi

, Sarah J. Lee

, and Teng Moua

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190464813.003.0045
Page of

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date: 19 October 2019

Myxedema coma is a rare manifestation of extreme hypothyroidism. The reported incidence is 0.22 per million per year. It is seen most commonly in hospitalized elderly female patients who have a history of hypothyroidism. Myxedema coma is a life-threatening condition, and improving survival of patients with myxedema coma depends on understanding its pathogenesis and recognizing its clinical presentation, with early and accurate diagnosis and intervention.

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