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Use of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome 

Use of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Chapter:
Use of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Author(s):

Kelly A. Cawcutt

, Craig E. Daniels

, and Gregory J. Schears

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190464813.003.0040
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date: 18 October 2019

Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is intended to temporarily provide mechanical cardiopulmonary support. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is the most common ECLS technology used outside the operating room, and it can be used to support patients for days to weeks. For neonates and children, ECMO has shown ample evidence of benefit and is widely accepted. Historically, this has not been the case for adults, but in recent years the use of ECMO has increased for adult patients with acute respiratory failure, including acute respiratory distress syndrome.

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