Show Summary Details
Page of

Complicated Diarrheal Illness 

Complicated Diarrheal Illness
Chapter:
Complicated Diarrheal Illness
Author(s):

Arjun Gupta

and Sahil Khanna

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190464813.003.0030
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 21 October 2019

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the most common cause of infectious diarrhea in hospitalized patients and has surpassed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as the most common cause of nosocomial infection. CDI is being identified increasingly in community patients without prior hospitalization or antibiotic exposure. Traditional risk factors include older age, antibiotic exposure, and hospitalization; newer risk factors are being identified, although the role of gastric acid suppression is still controversial. Treatment recommendations for CDI are based on severity, and patients with severe or severe-complicated CDI should receive aggressive therapy to prevent adverse outcomes.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.