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The Kidneys Can See When the Eyes Cannot 

The Kidneys Can See When the Eyes Cannot
The Kidneys Can See When the Eyes Cannot

Sarah J. Lee

and Floranne C. Ernste

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date: 16 January 2021

Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is an uncommon (<1% of patients), severe presentation in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome. Up to 50% of lupus patients have antiphospholipid antibodies. The most common triggers for CAPS are infection, neoplasia, oral contraceptives, trauma, surgery, and obstetric complications. CAPS is difficult to treat because of the rapid onset of vascular thrombosis in 3 or more systems, resulting in critical multiorgan failure.

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