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The Kidneys Can See When the Eyes Cannot 

The Kidneys Can See When the Eyes Cannot
Chapter:
The Kidneys Can See When the Eyes Cannot
Author(s):

Sarah J. Lee

and Floranne C. Ernste

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190464813.003.0024
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date: 22 October 2019

Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is an uncommon (<1% of patients), severe presentation in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome. Up to 50% of lupus patients have antiphospholipid antibodies. The most common triggers for CAPS are infection, neoplasia, oral contraceptives, trauma, surgery, and obstetric complications. CAPS is difficult to treat because of the rapid onset of vascular thrombosis in 3 or more systems, resulting in critical multiorgan failure.

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