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Reverse Apical Ballooning Syndrome Due to Clonidine Withdrawal 

Reverse Apical Ballooning Syndrome Due to Clonidine Withdrawal
Chapter:
Reverse Apical Ballooning Syndrome Due to Clonidine Withdrawal
Author(s):

Pramod K. Guru

, Dereddi Raja S. Reddy

, and Nandan S. Anavekar

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190464813.003.0017
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date: 14 October 2019

Apical ballooning syndrome, also known as stress cardiomyopathy or takotsubo cardiomyopathy, is a reversible condition that mimics acute coronary syndrome. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, first described in Japan in the early 1990s, was named after tako tsubo, which means octopus pot or trap in Japanese, because the characteristic hyperkinetic basal and akinetic and bulging apical segments that are typically seen in this disorder resemble an octopus trap. Most of the early reported cases occurred in postmenopausal women in association with acute, stressful situations.

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