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Gender Considerations in Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer 

Gender Considerations in Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer
Chapter:
Gender Considerations in Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer
Author(s):

Amanda L. Thompson

, and Molly A. Gardner

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190462253.003.0009
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date: 07 December 2019

Literature on adolescents and young adults (AYA) with cancer has largely focused on the biopsychosocial challenges of this developmental period, with limited attention paid to the role of gender or to gender differences in adjustment and outcomes. Differences have been found in the self-reported needs of AYA patients both during and after treatment, as well as in the information received regarding fertility preservation, psychological distress, positive growth, and benefit-finding and the role of social support in adjustment. Methodological limitations, however, impact our ability to draw robust conclusions about the role of gender in psychosocial adjustment and outcomes among AYAs with cancer. We present the limited research on gender in AYA patients and survivors, highlight significant gaps in the literature, provide recommendations for future research, and suggest early implications for clinical care.

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