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Psycho-Oncology Interventions and Programs for Sexual and Gender Minorities 

Psycho-Oncology Interventions and Programs for Sexual and Gender Minorities
Chapter:
Psycho-Oncology Interventions and Programs for Sexual and Gender Minorities
Author(s):

Deborah J. Bowen

, Jennifer M. Jabson

, and Steven S. Coughlin

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190462253.003.0012
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date: 25 February 2020

This chapter discusses the literature on cancer-related interventions for sexual and gender minority women and men and identifies directions for future research and practice. The authors divide the field up into interventions that operate in each of the four areas of cancer control: primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary prevention. The main interventions developed for primary prevention of cancer for sexual minority women and men involve tobacco reduction and obesity reduction. Interventions for preventing HIV infection in LGBT populations have informed more recent efforts to address cancer. A few interventions have been evaluated for secondary prevention of cancer, and a few interventions have targeted sexual minority women and men during the treatment period. We found no interventions on quaternary prevention in sexual and gender minority populations and no evaluated interventions to improve the cancer-related health of gender minority individuals. There are multiple directions for future research in this area.

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