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Introduction to Gender in Psycho-Oncology 

Introduction to Gender in Psycho-Oncology
Chapter:
Introduction to Gender in Psycho-Oncology
Author(s):

Matthew J. Loscalzo

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190462253.003.0001
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date: 24 February 2020

Sex and gender are emotionally charged concepts in society. Never before has there been more interest in the sciences of sex and gender. In the past, sex and gender were primarily the domain of the humanities, especially literature, painting, and music. Greater political and sociological expectations for the rights of women and the emergence of increased tolerance for alternative lifestyles have reverberated throughout societies globally—with mixed results. Women, in particular, have suffered from lack of appreciation for the inescapable, well-documented biopsychosocial sexual dimorphisms that are all too often overshadowed by politics, fear, and ignorance. Without a more evolved understanding of and engagement in the unique characteristics and potentials of women and men, from cell to society, cancer science would have remained a “hidden hostage” to societal ignorance. The emergence of strategic or tailored cancer medicine cannot exist without integrating sex into prevention, diagnosis, and the development of new treatments.

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