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Family-Based Interventions for PTSD 

Family-Based Interventions for PTSD
Chapter:
Family-Based Interventions for PTSD
Author(s):

Stephen J. Cozza

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190457136.003.0028
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date: 28 January 2022

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with negative health and mental health effects in those it afflicts but also has been shown to have negative effects on relationships with intimate partners and close relatives. Although different types of trauma require tailored approaches to family intervention, PTSD broadly affects interpersonal relationships, communication, and family functioning. Most of the existing literature has focused on military and veteran families affected by combat-related PTSD. This military perspective is used to structure this chapter and to highlight several areas important to an understanding of PTSD and its effect on families with children: framing PTSD from a family systems perspective and recognizing its impact on relationships and family functioning, reviewing child developmental considerations, describing unique challenges of childhood traumatic bereavement, and summarizing the developing literature examining family interventions for PTSD. Six strategies are highlighted that can mitigate risk in families affected by PTSD.

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