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History and Evolution of the Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders 

History and Evolution of the Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders
History and Evolution of the Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders

Frederick J. Stoddard Jr

, David M. Benedek

, Mohammed R. Milad

, and Robert J. Ursano

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date: 28 January 2022

This introductory chapter provides the historical context leading to our present conceptualization of trauma- and stressor-related disorders. As an introduction to the rest of the book, it describes examples of the range of traumatic experience through history and depicted in literature and art. This chapter reviews the manner in which the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral effects of traumatic experience have been subsequently classified in global medical nosology. Additionally, it provides an overview of changes in the classification of trauma- and stressor-related disorders in the three major diagnostic systems used in the United States, with a particular focus on the increasing recognition of these disorders’ dimensionality.

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